The parasites around dogs:
The number of species of fleas is 200. They are small (1-8mm) black or yellowish animals. Their body is laterally compressed. The life cycle of fleas: the female, after a single feeding on blood lays eggs (24-48 hours). Each female is capable of laying 162 eggs in one week. Larvae emerge from the eggs in one and a half weeks. The larvae will pupate in 5-11 days (this is the most resistant form). In three weeks’ time adult fleas develop from the eggs. They do not live on the host animal all the time. The eggs, the larvae and the pupae live in cracks, gaps, upholstery, carpets, the living places of the host animal and they feed on organic garbage. The adult fleas are parasites of mammals and birds. Fleas usually avoid light. The can live on several host species. The hungry flea can jump hundreds of times for several days searching for a host. For dogs they are a serious problem. Their bites cause scratching. The dog’s skin may get infected and become allergic (the flea’s saliva is the antigen). The most common flea species: the Ctenocephalides Canis – the dog flea which can live on wolves, cats and humans too. It is the indirect host of the dog tapeworm – Dipylidium Caninum, which may occur in humans too. The Ctenocephalides Felis – cat flea, can be found on dogs the most often.
The powder and the spray have a contact effect, they have a killing and repellent effect, and prevent allergic skin infection caused by flea bites.
The number of tick species is 650. Their size is 2-10mm. Their colour may be yellow, red or blackish brown, some species have patterns. Life cycle: adult tick – feeding on blood – female lays eggs around the host – larvae – feeding on blood – larvae – nymph – feeding on blood and adults emerging. Depending on the feeding the complete cycle may be between 2 months and 6 years, on average 3 years. The larvae have three pairs of legs, the next stages, the nymphs and the imagos have four pairs of legs. The nymphs and male imagos suck blood from the host for only a few hours. The females however suck blood for several days. In Hungary most ticks appear from April to June and in September. Two tick species occur on dogs most often: Ixodes Ricinus – the common tick does not have eyes. It lives in Turkey-oak forests and likes bushy, damp places. It falls off the back of leaves or climbs onto the hosts (max. 1.5m!). The Borrelia burgdorferi spreads the pathogen of Lyme- disease and causes the same disease in humans and in dogs. Dogs may have a number of symptoms: losing weight, loss of appetite, swollen lymphatic glands and swollen joints. The transfer of viruses is 24 hours. The meningitis – the tick-born encephalitis: the dogs are less sensitive to the viruses that can infect humans too. If a dog still gets infected, fever and serious symptoms of the nervous system develop in a few days. Dermacentor Reticulatus – dog tick has eyes. It likes lawns and climbs onto the host from the grass. When it bites, it spreads the pathogen of the Babesiosis: the Babesia Canis with its saliva, which is a single-celled blood parasite. It causes dark discolouration of the urine and may eventually lead to the death of the animal. Symptoms appear in about 1 week after the infection. High fever, dark discolouration of the urine (the red blood cells die), first the urine becomes dark yellow, then red and eventually dark brown. The transfer of the pathogens is 48 hours.
The number of species of lice that live in hair is 360, their size is 1-3 mm. They are light brown and they have a big, square head. They have three sectioned antennas and a strong mouthpart. The abdomen of the females is round and the abdomen of the males is more pointed. They live in the hair of mammals. The nymphs and the imagos feed on skin, hair and sweat. Trichodectes Canis is a louse that lives in dogs’ hair. It feeds on small pieces of hair and skin of the dog. It spreads cestoda infection. The animals may scratch for a long time and may lose their hair.
The Mites – Sarcoptidae are round or oval, small mites usually with short legs. They do not have breathing organs and tracheas, they have cutaneous respiration. The female lays 20-100 eggs. The time of the development from the egg to adult burrow mites is 2-3 weeks in the warmth of the host animals, 3 weeks away from the body of the host animal, and 4-6 weeks for other mite species. The mites on the skin will cause typical inflammations and infections. It bites burrows on the skin of the host animal. Based on the type of the mouthparts we put them into three categories: burrow mites, sucking mites and biting mites. The mite of the dog - Sarcoptes canis - belongs to the burrow mite category. The Otodectes cynotis, ear mite belongs to the biting mite category. It affects the auditory meatus of the dog and lives in ear wax and causes inflammatory symptoms of the outer ear.
The application of Piret-Mix
Spray the whole body of the dog opposing the direction of hair growth until the hair of the dog is wet to the skin. The treatment must be repeated every 4-5 days. The spray can be applied to dogs older than two months. It is important to treat the living areas of the animals to avoid the return of the pests. The powder is applied in the same way.
In winter people often use materials for litter (hay, straw and sawdust etc.) in which the pests become activated from the body warmth of the dog. We recommend the treatment of these materials with the spray or powder or both before use. In summer the spray can be used to repel flies that bother the ear of the dog. The spray can also be used to repel mosquitoes. When mosquitoes suck blood, they can spread tapeworm infection – Skin Dirofilariosis (pathogen Dirofilaria repens). The mosquito injects micro larvae that turn into 5-17cm long tapeworms in the body of the dog in months. Other mosquitos can transfer the infection to humans and animals alike. Another disease spread by mosquitoes is the dog heartworm – Dirofilaria immitis. The larvae wander in the body of the dog and when they get to the heart, they develop there. Mosquitoes can transfer the larvae of the dog heartworm from the infected dog to humans. For the treatment of itch mites: the powder must be mixed with vegetable oil to get a sour cream-like material and must be spread onto the infected area. It can be used for our own protection too. Spraying our clothes will repel parasites from us (repellent effect).
The protection of our animals is also our own protection!
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